Sunday, 24 March 2013

'Second Sunday of the Passion' aka Palm Sunday New Rite 'style'

In the 'liturgical books of 1962' the fabricated, committee manufactured, exercises in, poor, archaeologial re-construction that made up the 1948 Pian Commission's 'restoration' of Holy Week make their debut with the 'Second Sunday of the Passion'. The rites of Holy Week were used as a type of 'trial run' for some of the worst of the later reforms. Palm Sunday suffered extensively from the ‘restoration’ without even a pretext of supposedly a return to 'authentic' times of celebration. The magnificent rites described in the post above were mutilated almost beyond recognition.

The very name Palm Sunday was, as noted above, re-branded as the 'Second Sunday of the Passion or Palm Sunday'. At Vespers yesterday afternoon there was no commemoration of St. Gabriel. At Compline the Dominical preces are never said. Mattins is slashed down to a single nocturn of three lessons. At Lauds there are never commemorations. Prime has the hitherto festive arrangement of Pss. 53 and the first two divisi of psalm 118. However, it is the blessing of Palms and Mass that have been mutilated in the most savage way.

At the blessing of Palms red becomes the liturgical colour - extended in the 'Ordinary Form' of the 1962 liturgy for the entire day. Based on the use of red in several Mediaeval rites the reformers ignored the distinction between Passiontide red (a dull ‘ox-blood) and 'festal' red. The Asperges is omitted for some peculiar reason as it would later be in 99.99% of churches every Sunday in the year. The ministers wear their festive red dalmatic and tunicle, along with the celebrant's chasuble of red colour for the blessing, or what remains of it, and procession. An additional subdeacon may carry the, unveiled Processional Cross. Likewise, anticipating later stages of the reform, maniples are not used for the blessing and procession.

The blessing of Palms takes place at a table facing the people in the sanctuary or may take place at another place, facing the people. The people may hold, unblessed, palms from the beginning.


The above is from J.B.O'Connell's 'The Ceremonies of Holy Week', Burns Oates, 1960. O'Connell mentions that the table may be placed on the footpace of the altar to facilitate the people's view. In that case he says, the celebrant kisses the table, ft.nt. 5, p.20 - kitchen tables in the sanctuary here we go!

In practice this parody of the former rite looks like the photographs below from a celebration some years ago by theFSSP.



The ministers process in to stand at their table whilst the antiphon Hosanna filio David is sung with the omission of the 'O' in O Rex Israel for some peculiar reason. At the table, facing the people the collect Deus, quem diligere is suppressed, the Epistle Venerunt filii Israel in Elim is supressed, the 'gradual' Collegerunt is suppressed, the 'gradual' In monte Oliveti is suppressed, the collect Auge fidem is suppressed, the preface of blessing is suppressed, the Sanctus is suppressed, the collect Petimus, Domine is suppressed, the collect Deus, qui dispersa is suppressed, the collect Deus, qui miro is suppressed, the collect Deus, qui, per olivae is suppressed. The collect Benedic, quaesumus survives! The celebrant then sprinkles the palms with lustral water, not saying Asperges me etc. Then he puts incense on the coals of thurible and censes the palms. Here the stupidity of the wreckovators shows through. In the traditional rite incense was put on, then the Palms were aspersed and then incensed so that the incense would have a little time to fume! The palms are then distributed with the two Pueri Hebraeorum antiphons being sung, like the 'Responsorial Psalm' so familiar from the Pauline Missal, interpolated with the Bea version of psalms 23 and 46. There is no mention in the rubrics of the usual ceremonial oscula when receiving the palms. The Gospel follows, the ceremonies of Mass are not followed. The collect Deus, qui Filium is suppressed, the collect Omnipotens sempiterne Deus is suppressed.

The procession follows. In another break with tradition an additional subdeacon, as mentioned above, rather than the subdeacon of the Mass, carries an unveiled Cross. The first three antiphons of the Old Rite are suppressed. The first antiphon sung is Occurunt turbae (with its former constituent Hosanna in excelsis suppressed), then Cum angelis and Turba multa. Then a new antiphon Coeperunt omnes followed by the Gloria laus. However, vernacular hymns in honour of Christ the King may be sung. Then Lauda, Jerusalem, Fulgentibus palmis, Ave, Rex noster and Ingrediente. There is no ceremonial re-entry, although as noted below a considerable amount of cheating and dishonesty goes on with followers of the perverted rite. When the ministers reach the sanctuary they reverence the altar then turn, versus populum, to sing a collect introduced to the rite Domine Jesu Christi, Rex ac Redemptor noster. This collect is found in many medieval uses as a collect said at the Rood.

The sacred ministers then change in schizophrenic style from red to violet. No folded chasubles of course, but violet dalmatic and tunicle. The prayers at the foot of the altar are suppressed and the celebrant merely kisses the altar and censes it. In the Ordinary Form of the 1962 rite this omission goes several stages further and everything is omitted until the collect. The deacons of the Passion receive a blessing, rather than the deacon of the Mass, and sing a cut down version of the Passion. The Passion text is Matthew 26: 36-75; 27: 1-54. (Actually largely restored in the Ordinary Form). The former Gospel is omitted both textually and ceremonially. Palms are not held during the singing of the Passion. Orate fratres is said in an elevated voice, according to the rubrics of the Ordo Hebdomadae Sanctae Instauratus, and all the people make the response. The dismissal is Ite, missa est and the last Gospel is suppressed.

The ceremonial re-entry into the church after singing Gloria laus et honor, with a choir inside the church was supressed in the 1956 deforms along with the knocking on the door with the foot of the Processional Cross. Following the rubrics of the deformed rite one is supposed to have Gloria laus et honor sung antiphonally with the people before the procession even approaches the church door. One can only reflect on this formerly magnificent day on the sheer wickedness of old Pius XII's actions. The new form, a classic of inorganic committee work created liturgy, tried to give the Procession greater prominence but rather like a Victorian architect 'restoring' a medieval church mutilated it in the process. There is something intrinsically odd about wearing red vestments - a festive colour in the Roman rite - and then changing to a penitential colour for the Eucharistic Sacrifice. In the Roman rite this is an inversion of received praxis and hitherto whilst Processions may have been in violet, penitential, vestments the Mass afterwards, if there was a colour change, was always festive e.g. Candlemass (violet to white), St. Mark as titular (violet to red). As on other days in the 'restored' Holy Week the opportunity was taken to make changes that would be later extended to the entire liturgical year e.g. the obsession with versus populum, introduction of the vernacular, the suppression of the preparatory prayers at the altar steps, the suppression of the last Gospel etc.

The tragedy, writing in 2013, is that this abysmal rubbish is still being celebrated by poor deluded souls.

4 comments:

Scott said...

Dear Rubricari,

Thank you for all your work, especially these annual Holy Week posts. They are always helpful and informative.

One of these days though, you must tell us what you really think about the 1956/62 rites.

The Rad Trad said...

On the bright side I would say celebrations according to this right are clearly on the up-tick and many celebrating are doing so less furtively. Several prominent parishes, including the FSSP church in Rome you mentioned, are audacious enough to even publish photographs, flaunting the 1962 police, seeking who they may devour.

+DM said...

The changes made under Pius XII to Palm Sunday were a tremendous damage; the gutting of what was so historic: Introit, collect, lesson, gradual, Gospel, Preface, Blessing, distribution of Blessed Palm at the altar rail. Almost "Mass before the Mass".

I recall a confrere, aged 70 years, offering to assist me several years ago during Holy Week, his only having come back to Tradition the year before. "Why don't you take Palm Sunday," I said. When he saw the missal used, he said, "I'm not saying all that!"
Needless to say, I plopped him in choir and prayed that some sense would sink in as the Triduum unfolded before him.

What a loss to a majority of souls who only know the Pius XII Holy Week! How disgraceful for those using it to think they hallow it a bit more by tapping their unveiled processional cross against the church door!

Anonymous said...

Thank you Lord Jesus Christ for allowing me access to the pre-1950 Holy Week & 1948 Missale Romanum!
Pius XII was horrible!!!